Why is nutritional testing important?

We all know that adequate nutrition is one of the most important pillars of public health. Before developing and implementing effective intervention programs for improving nutrition at the population level. Often, we talk about nutritional information, cost-saving and organization. But, what exactly does nutritional analysis entail? How do you understand nutritional analysis? Does it help or hurt the business and its consumers? With the help of the article, you can find a bit more about what we think about the nutritional analysis. How you can get started implementing the same and start growing your business?

What is Nutritional Testing?

Nutritional labeling is the process of determining the nutritional content of the food. It is a vital part of analytical chemistry, which provides information about the chemical composition, processing, quality control and contamination of food. The test ensures compliance with trade and food laws. However, there are varieties of certified methods that professionals use for performing nutritional value testing. Analyzing the nutritional value of food allows the scientific determination and measuring of the nutritional composition of different food products, which are significant to the authorities and consumers.

For conducting food nutrition analysis, food companies send samples to the laboratories for physical analysis. The analysis accounts for the changes in the nutritional value, which results while cooking and processing the food. However, it is of extreme value as calories tend to increase and decrease during the cooking process, which further depends on the method used. For instance, added fats in the food increase the calorie content during frying and decrease while you grill your food. Moreover, you can add salt to the food during the preparation of the food, which finally increases the final sodium content of the dish.

How is Nutritional Testing Done?

Nutrient Analysis Software

This technique allows the use in determining the nutritional content of any food. But, the quality of the analysis highly depends on the accuracy and standardization of the recipes. Standardized recipes are those that a food service operation adapted or retrieved. However, if the food service operation uses the same quantity and quality of ingredients, the standardized recipes yield the same results in nutritional analysis.

Moreover, the analysis gets limited to the selection of the ingredients available in a food database. The approach fails to consider the effects of cooking and processing of food items, which dramatically alters the nutrient content of the food.


The method is widely used in food analysis for detecting and quantifying proteins in a given food. The professionals and laboratories use the method for three reasons. First, the nutritional testing near me primarily used immunoassays for detecting cheap ingredients used to substitute high-quality products. Secondly, the nutritional testing labs apply the method in detecting and quantifying proteins involved in intolerance and allergic reactions to certain types of foods. Lastly, the method provides a way of detecting tissue-specific antigens present in food that might be associated with transmittable encephalopathy.

Mass Spectrometry

The method involves the separation of ionized atoms and molecules according to their differences in mass to charge ratio. Atoms and molecules have varied patterns of fragmentation and hence mass spectrometry provides the best way to the identification of the structural components.  Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) provides the pathway for the use of mass spectrometry in food analysis.

GC-MS is a method for qualitative and quantitative analysis of the components such as sterols, alcohol, low mass carbohydrates and fatty acids. It also involves the detection of food contaminants such as pesticides, toxins, drugs and pollutants. The method is considered a major method for detecting fatty acid composition. GC-MS helps in quantifying polyphenols in fruits and vegetables, which is a chemical compound that is naturally present in plants.

Importance of Nutritional Testing

Assessment of Energy and Nutrient Intake

The estimation of the nutrient intake from food consumption requires reliable data on food composition. These data are fundamentals of food-based dietary guidelines for healthy nutrition, containing all the necessary information on food sources for different nutrients. Furthermore, the food nutritional labelling provides accurate information on the chemical forms of nutrients along with the presence and amounts of interacting components, thereby providing information on bio availability. For certain nutrients such as vitamin A, vitamin E and niacin, the concept of equivalence is introduced to account for differences in the availability and biological activity of different chemical forms.

Non-nutritive Food Components

Although food nutritional value testing focus on energy, macro well as micronutrients, yet the tables focus more on the non-nutritive components. If we consider the beneficial effects of biologically active secondary plant cell components such as carotenoids and polyphenols, we require more data on them. On the other hand, we even come across several naturally occurring or manmade non-nutritive substances, which has several negative effects. Through food nutrition analysis, one can know the dietary sources of these substances and control their exposure.

Agrochemicals, industrial pollutants reaching the food chain and byproducts formed during food production are a few examples of manmade non-nutritive substances. For undertaking a valid risk assessment, the laboratories require data on exposure and the contents of contaminants present on foods. However, these data varies diversely and are variable even within narrowly confined regions.

Nutrition Counselling

The nutritional testing lab near me provides information about the origin of substances found in food that can also influence their usability. For example, the German Nutrient Database does not discriminate between naturally occurring and added sucrose impeding the estimation of added intake of sucrose, which needs to be limited. Nutritional testing laboratory not only analyses the nutritional status, but also provide the basis for the formulation of food-based dietary guidelines that helps in improving the dietary needs of the population. Nutritional value testing helps in translating nutrient-based recommendations into a form that is most applicable to consumers.

Planning Clinical and Therapeutic Nutrition

One of the most special applications of nutritional testing involves diet composition is planning nutrition as a part of therapy. Diseases like diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia are some of the well-known examples that require avoidance or acute monitoring of certain nutrients. Although the data on the total contents of fat and carbohydrates and major acid classes are available, yet there is less information on other components with pathological relevance such as fructose, lactose, certain amino acids, antigens and gluten.

Information on food composition is of the greatest importance for scientists as well as practitioners working in the fields of nutrition and public health. The most apparent role is providing the basis for dietary assessment and formulating healthier diets. Nowadays, the ready meals and food served in canteens also include the following approach as they contribute to the daily nutrition of the people.

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Importance of Shoe Testing

A myriad of strict rules and regulations governs the import, export and selling of footwear in the global markets, especially to the developed nation of the world. The rules and regulations imposed help in protecting the customers, clothing brands and the environment. The European Union along with most other countries having healthy consumer markets enforce similar trade laws and legislation concerning the methods of testing footwear as well as controlling the quality of the products.

The manufacturing, supplying and retailing units must ensure that their products meet the requirements of commercial departments as well as those of the health authorities of the countries where they choose to sell their products. A footwear company can have its markets in the EU, the UAE, Asia, and the US, Japan, Australia or any other countries of the world. But, they need to prove that they carried out the testing and met the legal requirements of the destination markets. However, if they fail to do so, the authorities reject their shipment and the firm might have to face penalties above the cost of manufacturing the footwear.

Footwear and Shoes Certifications, Licenses and Accreditation

Depending on the footwear and shoes products, the manufacturers might need a third party Footwear and Shoes laboratories or research facilities with specific certifications, licenses and accreditations. These include:

  •  ASTM
  •  AATCC
  •  FIA
  •  British Standards
  •  DIN
  •  CPSIA compliance
  •  GB compliance

Laws and Regulations Related to Footwear

  • Protection of intellectual property rights
  • Consumer health and environmental protection (restrictions on the use of chemicals in footwear)
  • Product composition and labeling requirements
  • Personal protective equipment (work-wear)
  • Product safety and quality

All these above-mentioned laws and regulations require third party testing of footwear for ensuring that the products meet all the requirements. Each of the laboratories in India carries out different types of tests that require the footwear to qualify for the appropriate certification pertaining to the regulations of each country.

The requirements might differ for footwear designed for children and for the workplace, compared to those intended for the average adult consumer. Moreover, various agencies take the responsibility for specific aspects of the legislation. Each country has its own agencies, which oversee the directives and the necessary footwear testing requirements.

For instance, footwear compliance requirements for The United States fall under the following agencies and departments:



Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)

Children’s footwear; hazardous substances

Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

Country of the origin for most imported products

Federal Trade Commission (FTC)


Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)

Protective footwear

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

Organic claims


Protection of Intellectual Property Rights for Footwear and Clothing Brands in Europe

The European Observatory on Infringement of Intellectual Property Rights long with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) act as the watchdogs for illicit trade in counterfeit goods. Both the organizations monitor all forms of transport and shipment of goods, from small parcel services to container services into the European Union (EU).

Counterfeit footwear is among the top-ranking illicit goods seized by European customs departments, and numerous court cases against the importers over the past few years.

Consumer Health and Environmental Protection- Chemical Testing of Footwear

Testing footwear for chemicals used in manufacturing and shipping is the most essential step that manufacturers and suppliers must conduct. The step ensures that their products would satisfy their consumer health and safety regulations regarding the restrictions of using certain toxic chemicals.

REACH Restrictions on Chemicals in Footwear

The footwear industry uses more than 20 toxic aromatic amines derived from Azo dyes while they manufacture the fabrics for footwear and other textiles. The EU’s REACH directives severely restrict the use of these dyes and amines. They stated the limit for the aromatic amines as 30 mg per kilogram, which is 0.003% by weight for each article.

DMF Testing for Footwear

Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is a volatile chemical commonly added to desiccant sachets or silica bags placed in footwear packaging by the manufacturers as an antifungal agent. The addition of silica bags in the footwear prevents the growth of moulds on the product while storing and transporting them.

However, due to the toxicity- DMF cause allergic reactions, acute eczema and skin burns. The EU market under Directive 2009/251/EC bans the use of silica bags or DMF in footwear. Hence, suppliers of footwear to EU markets must carry out DMF tests on sample products. The test will ensure that there are no traces of DMF found in the products. It also helps in avoiding the risk of product recalls or rejection by EU customers and health authorities.

Product Composition and Labelling Requirements

Testing Fiber Authenticity

The products labels meant for clothes, shoes and other items will come in close contact with the skin must contain accurate information about the composition of the materials used in the manufacturing of the products. The manufacturers need to distinguish and label the natural and synthetic fibres especially for leather, cotton, wool, silk, linen, nylon polyester and others.

With the testing and certifications of the shoes and other leather products, the manufacturers exporting their products to others of the world can strengthen their confidence in the quality and safety of their products. The neutral and intentionally recognized test mark demonstrates the manufacturer’s compliance with legal regulations and voluntary requirements regarding harmful substances and quality to provide the customers with the extra security that they look for while purchasing footwear and other leather products.

 If you wish to know more about Sigma Laboratory or Shoe Testing, you can visit their official website- Sigmatest or you can contact them on- +91-9560222333. You can also visit Sigma’s Regd. Office at- 99, Phase 2, Badli Industrial Area, New Delhi-110042.  

What is reach testing? and What is reach compliance testing?

What is REACH testing?

Reach testing is a European testing standard that has been devised keeping in mind the safety requirements of human and environmental well being. It specifies a list of materials that must be tested for any potential risk to its consumers and to the environment in general, it entails subsequent testing for Plastic products, Chemicals, Metals and metal articles, Toys, Packaging material, Coated Material, Finished Goods, Paint with other products apart from the above-mentioned categories of commodities. 

Due to concerns related to producer accountability on the use of hazardous substances, reach testing services are provided by reach testing laboratories giving in-depth analysis of safety concerns related to the substances which might violate the guidelines prescribed in the REACH manual.

REACH stands for Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of  Chemicals.

The fundamental of Reach works upon building a responsible attitude towards substances that are unfit from human and environmental degradation point of view and gradually discarding such substances by replacing them with alternatives that are more consumer and environment friendly. This attitude will not only help in reaping long term benefits of sustainable growth but will also be a step towards disposing of the social responsibility on the producers. 

The Regulation holds the producers accountable for ensuring that the substances used in consumer durables satisfy quality standards and are thereafter disposed of off safely, keeping the health of the environment intact, it rules the possibility of replacing the most dangerous chemicals (referred to as "substances of very high concern") as and when suitable alternatives are identified.

These standards mandated by the European Union have greater benefits to producers who comply by these since companies are becoming more and more competitive both domestically and globally henceforth there is an ardent need for producers to not fall in the regulatory purview of regulatory bodies and towards greater benefits of increased customer reach due to the responsible behavior exhibited by such companies.

What is reach compliance testing? 

Reach compliance testing involves ascertaining the chemical composition of certain substances above the prescribed limits, even though it was a legislation that was followed throughout the European Union but now it has a global effect, it enables manufacturers to enter the EU market without worrying about fines and additional hassles.

The REACH regulation contains information regarding substances that are under scrutiny from Annex XVII (Restricted Substances such as 3 phthalates for toys and 6 phthalates for toys) when the toy can be placed in the mouth by children to the list of SVHC's or substances of very high concern, it is while conforming to these guidelines, that producer must ensure that products do not contain regulated substances above the legal limit, therefore a third party test is advisable for manufacturers.

Sigma Test and Research Center is a NABL accredited laboratory. We are providing you all types of testing services like Toy Testing, Reach Testing, Food Testing, Non-Destructive Testing, Drinking Water Testing, Oil Testing etc. at very good rates. Book your test with a Sigma certified lab.

Search now for a wide array of reach tests performed scientifically by industry experts. Our lab support ensures optimum satisfaction and coverage of all safety guidelines issued by Indian and international food safety organisations.

Have a query? Get in touch and clear all hassles! Call the Sigma team at 9560222333. 

What are the differences between REACH and RoHS?

Companies operating in the European Union need to abide by the laws such as REACH and RoHS. There are some similarities, but they also possess fundamental differences. So first let us focus on REACH.

REACH is the acronym for Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals. It entered into force on June 1, 2007. REACH is a regulation of the European Union, which is adopted to improve the protection of human health and the environment from the daily-life risks that can be posed by chemicals while enhancing the competitiveness of the EU chemicals industry. It also promotes alternative methods for the hazard assessment of substances to reduce the number of tests on animals.

This regulation applies to all chemical substances; REACH not only guides the chemical which is used in the industries but also to those which are used by us in our daily lives, for example in cleaning products, paints as well as in articles such as clothes, furniture, and electrical appliances. Therefore, this regulation has a huge impact on most companies across the EU and it changed the lifestyle of the people.

REACH has several aims:

To provide a high level of protection of human health and the environment from the use of chemicals.

To make the people who place chemicals on the market (manufacturers and importers responsible for understanding and managing the risks associated with their use.)

To allow the free movement of substances on the EU market.

To enhance innovation in and the competitiveness of the EU chemicals industry.

To promote the use of alternative methods for the assessment of the hazardous properties of substances.

REACH applies to substances that are manufactured or imported into the EU in quantities of 1 tonne or more per year. Generally, this regulation is applied to all individual chemical substances on their own, in preparations or articles.

Some substances are specifically excluded:

Radioactive substances

Substances under customs supervision

The transport of substances

Non-isolated intermediates


Some naturally occurring low-hazard substances

Coming forward to RoHS (Reduction of Hazardous Substances) which directs on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, this directive was adopted in February 2003 by the European Union to protect both people and the environment from hazardous chemicals found in both electronics and electrical products.

The legislation’s primary purpose is to make electronics manufacturing safer at every stage of an electronic device’s life cycle. Of course, there are individuals and even large-scale distributors who continue to use non-RoHS parts which are completely illegal in the state, this is because RoHS compliance can be difficult to follow it completely as the devices generally may be inconvenient and expensive even at the governmental level.

Since July 1, 2006, all electrical and electronic products to be sold within the European Union must follow the RoHS materials requirements. You’ve likely heard RoHS referred to as the “lead-free directive”, but it restricts the use of six different materials, and lists their allowable levels in parts per million (ppm):

Lead: Lead is primarily used in the production of batteries, televisions, and computer monitors. RoHS restricts the use of lead to 1000ppm.

Mercury: Mercury has been used in the manufacture of fluorescent lamps, mercury- vapour lamps, printed circuitry, aluminium electroplating, thermostats, and fuel cells. The RoHS directive limits the use of mercury to 100ppm.

Cadmium: Cadmium, which has been limited by RoHS to 100ppm, can act as a stabilizer for some plastics, and is used in cadmium/nickel batteries, electroplating, pigment production, solders, brazing alloys, alarm systems, automatic sprinklers and nuclear shielding.

Hexavalent Chromium: Hexavalent chromium, which is used in photography, paints, plastics, and stainless steel products, is limited by RoHS to a level of no more than 1000ppm.

Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB): Polybrominated biphenyls, which are used in flame- retardants, plastic foams, and certain plastics used in home electrical appliances, have been limited by RoHS to 1000ppm.

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE): Polybrominated diphenyl ethers are used in household electronics, printed circuit boards, and capacitors. RoHS limits the use of PBDE to 1000ppm.

Therefore, the main difference between RoHS and REACH is that RoHS prohibits hazardous substances that are present in electrical and electronic equipment that is within the directive. REACH, however, pertains to all chemicals including those used to make a product. This can include harmful materials, solvents, paints, chemicals, and more.

REACH is much broader in scope than RoHS, while RoHS covers the hazardous materials and focuses on those used in the manufacturing of electronics whereas REACH targets and controls the usage of thousands of harmful substances and is not limited to the electronics industry. For instance, cars, toys, furniture, and even clothing can be subjected to REACH provisions. By now we are pretty much clear about that though REACH and RoHS are different things, it is very essential in our daily lives to keep us protected from the harmful substances around us.

Have a query? Get in touch and clear all hassles! Call the Sigma team at 9560222333. 

What is food packaging testing?

Food Packaging

Post the breakthroughs in the packaged food industry and home food delivery services that have become the norm today, the demand for packaged food has risen dramatically. Due to the online food delivery mechanisms that are cost-efficient, convenient and enticing to the tongue, the trend for packaged food habits has been adopted by one and all which has, in turn, raised concerns regarding food packaging standards in India and abroad.

How a particular food item will be packed depends upon the nature, perishability and lifetime of the product, it is said that it is the packaging that impresses the consumers first and not the taste but packaging necessarily doesn't mean in the aesthetic appeal of the product but it signifies the quality of packaging in which the product is handed for disposal to the customer.

Food Quality

There is a great deal of research that has been put to what materials must be used to pack a particular food item in a particular way so that it remains in its best form for a maximum period of time and does not react with the flavours of the food items which can lead to the food becoming toxic for human consumption. Since food items are subject to many quality and hygiene checks, several regulatory organisations have also issued specific guidelines that must be followed by producers while determining standard packaging procedures. Henceforth, testing the quality of such packaging becomes essential and in this process, the task of food packaging laboratories comes into play.

Food Packaging Laboratories

Food packaging laboratories conduct specific tests by using food samples and packaging material to measure the viability of the packaging to sustain the food item inside it in the most effective way. Packaging testing ensures that the packaging material provides sufficient insights for protection from microorganisms to enter the product, it also provides safety, durability, spill protection guidance in terms of liquid food items and in the maintenance of standards of hygiene.

Food Chemical Testing

Chemical testing is conducted by labs on foods that have direct contact with plastics or foils or other high contact materials in which the item is contained for reactive results to ascertain if exposure to a certain material does not make the food unfit for consumption.

Several gases are also used in packaging food items such as chips, packed vegetables and drinks which must not be harmful to human health, hence a comprehensive evaluation of all these variables is a necessity before releasing the product out in the market, several companies today are known for their quality since it always maintains consumers trust on the product for a long period since quality and hygiene are the fundamental concerns of any consumer.

Food packaging material testing services near you can be availed by simply typing in your location and service required for tailormade tests as per producer requirements.

Sigma is an NABL and FSSAI accredited laboratory for Food Packaging testing. Search now for a wide array of Food Packaging tests performed scientifically by industry experts. Our lab support ensures optimum satisfaction and coverage of all safety guidelines issued by Indian and international food safety organisations.

Have a query? Get in touch and clear all hassles! Call the Sigma team at 9560222333. 

Top 5 Hygiene Tips for Food Safety

Food safety and hygiene are essential and critical parts of healthy eating habits. It is an integral part of living healthy. Not only that, maintaining food quality is as necessary as maintaining the proper diet. After all, you do want to become fit, but not at the cost of food poisoning, right. So what can you possibly do to keep what you eat healthily? Here are five quick tips that can save you from bad poisoning and provide you with a more sustainable healthier goal. Read on to find out!

1. Know the food you are buying.

The place you are buying food from is equally important when it comes to hygiene and quality. Make sure that the place is itself clean and hygienic, and the food is fresh. If you are buying packaged food then make sure that they are properly labelled and come from a trusted source. The package should have relevant labels certifying the quality and inspection certifications as well. If you do not trust the source then simply do not buy it. Remember hygiene in food production is directly proportionate to your personal safety measures.

2. Pay heed to proper storage norms for food safety.

Properly wash the market-bought vegetables and fruits and refrigerate them to prevent them from rotting. Even for packaged food, the first step to your personal hygiene is to maintain proper storage. Establish a clean pantry in your kitchen. Make use of different airtight clean containers to store your pulses, legumes and spices.

Storing these things in proper containers will not only make your kitchen and pantry more organized but will also provide you with a clean and tidy environment that will be healthy for you and your family in the end. Never keep your food open or uncovered. Make inspections from time to time to make sure that the quality is up to the mark.

3. Use well-sanitized kitchenware.

The plates you are eating on are as important as the food that you are eating when it comes to overall hygiene. Make sure that all the utensils you are using for food preparation, cooking as well as eating are properly washed and sanitized. The cutlery is important too. Wash them, make them completely dry, and then put them away in dry and clean storage space. Space should be well covered, yet with particular ventilation to prevent dampness and accumulation of fungi.

If you are storing your utensils in an open space, then pay attention to the fact that they are washed before using. Even the containers that we talked about must be completely clean with zero dampness. They must be airtight and should always be properly closed after each use. Avoid using plastic containers. Glass containers are particularly nice when it comes to food safety and hygiene.

4. Properly disinfect your kitchen, pantry and dining area.

Using industrial products is a good idea. But you have to keep in mind to not use them directly around food or utensils. Maintain different sets of fresh hand-towels for your kitchen. Always keep the kitchen-top clean. Clean the chimney, the microwave and the refrigerator. Maintain a closed dustbin and never forget to dispose of the trash properly. Do not use detergents to clean the utensils. Instead, use only those soaps that are specifically designed for the purpose.

5. Maintain personal hygiene.

Yes. Personal hygiene is also an important aspect of food safety and hygiene. All your hard work in maintaining the quality can be damaged if you simply forget to wash your hands before food preparation, or before eating. While cooking and food preparation, always wear an apron and keep a fresh, clean hand-towel handy. Pay attention to your overall appearance and hygiene. It is preferable if you wear a net cap, mask and gloves for better prevention and maintenance. Always touch your food with clean hands.

Last but definitely not the least; do not forget to follow all the above points! Each point is important if you want to maintain food safety and hygiene. Moreover, following these simple tips may also make your quality even better!

Sigma Test & Research Centre is the best food testing laboratory in India. We have highly professional testers as well as use up-to-date equipment for the same. Contact us at +91-9560222333 or Visit our website--

RoHS stands for Reduction of Hazardous Substances

RoHS stands for Reduction of Hazardous Substances and is an EU directive that prevents the use of certain substances in electronic products. It essentially directs to not keep certain chemicals in the product. The directive is popularly known as the “Lead Directive” among the engineers but in reality its not bound only with the lead but has rules for certain other chemicals as well. 

The list of chemicals on which this regulation works are as follows:

  • Lead (Pb)
  • Mercury (Hg)
  • Cadmium (Cd)
  • Hexavalent Chromium (Cr6+)
  • Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB)
  • Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE)
  • Bis(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP)
  • Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP)
  • Dibutyl phthalate (DBP)
  • Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP)

All follow the limitation of a maximum of 0.1%

The directive has been taken to be much more than only Lead Directive as for some electronic industries the product without Lead stays to be RoHS Complaint in nature. However, not all chemicals in the list are RoHS Complaint in nature.

LDR or Light Dependent Resistor that we often use in our projects is one of those simple components that are not RoHS compliant. As we all know, the functionality of LDR to be triggering certain function on detection of light, it uses Cadmium Sulphide(CdS) in it. Cadmium Sulphide although falls in the RoHS list but is excepted due to some military or medical grounds and thus has been introduced in the commercial products.

These sets of rules greatly affect the manufacturing companies of electronic goods as these rules have direct connections to customer rights and market values. When an electronic manufacturing company starts, it first meets the need of the market and manufactures a product according to it. It then selects a small target market and maps the success and demand rate of the product. Now as it aims for the bigger market, the legislation intervenes and these rules come to be addressed to. These products are generally small electronic components that are used in other bigger electronic systems.

Thus, the main problem arrives for the companies, when the product such as LDR does not have any such immediate alternative that can be manufactured. The work becomes all the more difficult for the one designing the electronic system using the following component as they now have to design a full circuit satisfying the Ross rules to validate that particular functionality.

For example, in place of LDR, the photodiode can be used as reverse biased along with a resistor. Even after this method, the alternate circuit made in place of the product often turns out to be not as effective as the product itself. It also hampers the manufacturing process, as well as more time and work, is invested in that. 

After the Ross complaint filter is passed, the product goes through another set of filtering before getting launched in the market. This set of filtering rules is termed to be as REACH which stands for Registration Evaluation Authorization and restriction of Chemicals. REACH has a list of around 200 chemicals that it restricts from being used in the product. This rule is strictly issued on companies that transact over 1 tonne of chemicals per year for their work. This list of chemicals is termed as SVHC that is, Substance of Very High Concern.

The stage of distributors strictly follows the rule of REACH and thus even after passing the Ross restrictions, the product may get stopped by these sets of rules. These sets of chemicals are a concern that needs to look after as even if these chemicals do not seem to be harmful on the first go, but are seen to be turning toxic and harmful under recycling. Thus, the rules of REACH are the ones that need to be followed as well.

Electronic systems formed concerning the food industry strictly need to follow these rules as they are the ones that are directly connected to the health concerns of the customers and as well do not have proper medical supervision in the industry. 

Proper documentation is provided once the product or component satisfies all these requirements and thus it officially becomes usable for commercial purposes. This documentation or certification is important, as they can be asked for in any level of survey and even by the customer. The company in that case always stays liable to provide the certification under public interest.

The testing of chemicals while manufacturing the product is also an important measure that needs to be followed. Companies guiding in this matter of testing procedures are already present and one can consult them for the need.

It is better to be always dealing with the rules. Saving a few amounts of money while initializing the manufacturing house by avoiding these rules can cost the whole product after getting launched in the market. Being cheap is not always helpful for the production process in the long run.

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What is Automotive Life Cycle Testing?

The life cycle is a term that defines change from one form to another that happens sequentially. Every entity goes through a life cycle from its origin to its demise. Similarly, the software is also an entity with a development life cycle called the software development life cycle (SDLC). Just as if the development of Life cycle testing or software  (SATLC) is a process of testing that consists of several specific testing procedures to be executed in a definite sequence to ensure a set quality standard of a product or software. There are many companies, which specifically provide life cycle testing services.

Every organization has its different phases of the Software automotive life cycle testing, but the basis is of every life cycle testing remains the same. Eight phases of life cycle testing are as follows:

1. Requirement phase:

The scope of the testing is analysed in this phase of life cycle testing. A group of experts sit together and study all the requirements, later they conduct brainstorm sessions to discuss whether the software requirements are testable or not. If any requirement is not testable, it is communicated to develop a more refined strategy.

2. Planning phase:

In this phase, the actual planning for testing is done after the experts are done analysing requirements. The procedures, techniques, resources, metrics that would help to meet the objectives are identified to execute an efficient testing life cycle. Planning is done keeping in mind the factors like organization test strategy and risk analysis.

3. Analysis phase:

This is a very important phase of product life cycle testing. Test conditions to be put are identified in this phase with the help of requirement document and product risk analysis. A test condition must trace back to the requirement. Different factors like levels of testing, depth of testing, product complexity, project risks, test management, SDLC, and availability of stockholders affects the identification of test conditions.

4. Design phase:

This is the “HOW” phasing of the automotive life cycle testing. This phase determines the practical execution process aspects of the testing life cycle. Processes like breaking down test conditions into easily executable multiple small sub test conditions, identification and gathering of test data, identification and setting up of test environment, creation of traceability matrices, and test coverage metrics are ensured in this phase of the testing life cycle.

5. Implementation phase:

The major process involved in this phase of the  is to ensure the creation of detailed test cases. Priority test cases that will become the part of the regression suite are also identified in this phase along with the review of test cases to ensure that test cases are correct.

6. Execution phase:

The name of this phase is self-explanatory. In this phase, the actual execution of test cases takes place. It is made sure that the entry criterion is met before the start of execution. The output of these tests determines whether the software qualifies all the test conditions. Test cases are executed and the defects raised are logged in case of any discrepancy. Traceability matrix developed bits of help in tracking the progress of the software testing life cycle.

7. Conclusion phase

Exit criteria and reporting are the focus areas of this phase of the software testing life cycle. A daily or weekly report is sent depending upon the project and stakeholders’ choice. Daily status reports and weekly status reports are depending upon the requirements of the product life cycle testing. The content of these reports focuses on the person to whom the report is sent. If the report is sent to the project manager, he is more likely to be interested in the technical aspects of the report whereas if the report is sent to stakeholders, he is more likely to be interested in the risk aspects.

8. Closure phase:

A task like completion of the test check, check that there are no open severity 1 defects, or the check that all the tests are executed and mitigated deliberately are part of this phase of the . In addition, the aspects and insight report on what was good about the Software testing life cycle and what could be improved about it are created in this phase of the testing life cycle.

Vibration Testing Lab:- Sigma Test and Research Centre


Established in 2009, Sigma Test and Research Centre delivers a comprehensive suite of accurate and thorough testing and calibration services to a varied range of industries worldwide. Technocrat educators, with 30+ years of experience in education, administration, manufacturing, and marketing, set up the lab.

They offer leading services to help their clients maintain equilibrium between quality, profitability, and sustainability. They rely on a systematic approach and expertise to manage the glitches in the market, supply chain management, and regulatory measures. 

Sigma has its headquarters in New Delhi, India. Their crucial role lies in ensuring their clients of quality control & assessment of the products. Hence, they have created amenities as per international values pleasing the necessities of ILAC, ASTM, ISO, USP, BP, and NABL

Sigma is a one-point stop for testing a comprehensive range of products used in Chemical, Biological, Mechanical, Non-Destructive, Electrical, and Electronics industries. They also provide excellent calibration services for various instruments in their laboratories. 

Sigma Test and Research Centre have a talented team of experts & knowledgeable governing bodies, state-of-the-art management, keen & multi-discipline professionals, sponsored by the most sophisticated high accuracy measuring instruments and computerized data management. 


Their mission is to provide out-of-the-box and brilliant amenities through analytical procedures and methodologies, that help organizations and industries, small or large, to attain predictably, improved, cost-effective product quality levels while sustaining the integrity in testing procedures. 


Vibration Testing impersonates the circumstances of a product or a structure that they might see during their lifetime while under a testing environment. Envisioned to certify that products are robust and perform safely during their transit, vibration testing spots performance issues and potential failures before they begin.  

It’s generally distinguished based on mechanical shock testing and its application for different periods which may vary from a few minutes to weeks. 

Furthermore, to produce a defined vibration, they use electromagnetic vibration exciters/shakers. It helps convert the electric signals into mechanical movements that are further controlled to uphold the vibration force or its level as per specified norms.


Vibration tests are done on various equipment’s, but yes, there are lots of reason behind the application of its analysis. The foremost reasons include-

  • Rather than the definite vibration level, the response to the vibration force is recorded to determine the dynamic properties of the objects. So, they try their best to find out the aptitude of those objects to transmit the vibration and its modes at resonance.
  • Moreover, at a prearranged vibration level, the vibration test is obligatory to associate the transducers to be calibrated and the reference transducer.  


The tests are carried out with exceptionally severe vibration level, ever recorded. The core purpose behind this is to determine the stimulated life of the product by performing the test for hours, days, and even weeks. 

Such severe tests include Highly Accelerated Life Tests (HALT) and Environmental Stress Screening (ESS), which helps in reporting the units that make sure the rigidity of the product to the customer, once the product lasts the test without losing its anticipated remaining life. 


FREQUENCY RANGE- For objects that incite in the shipping environment, the frequency of the test stays between 5Hz and 3kHz. It’s because of some products that are exposed to higher vibration levels during transportation.

ONE AXIS- Vibration tests are generally performed one axis at a time rather than in all the three axes. Exciters used for the test are made to shake the product within the vertical direction and to hide the complete axis; the object is rotated to apply vibration in all the directions.

FOR LARGE SAMPLES- Considering the larger samples, they are shocked horizontally instead of vertically because of some functional reasons. In this case, the slip table consists of an enormous metal plate, which helps keep the weight down, a large granite block, and endlessly pumps lubricating oil.

RESONANCE- The vibration response, which is higher than the vibration input, is known as resonance. To look for resonance and perform the tests with substantial resonance frequency, preliminary sine sweeps, or random tests takes place.

AEROSPACE ELEMENTS- Ordinarily, aerospace components face challenges like temperature, volatile weather conditions, atmospheric pressure, or heavy loads issues. Due to these issues, is why dynamic measurement application count analysis, ground vibration tests, and acoustic tests, ranging from the analysis of the products to large channels.

AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY- The manufacturers of the automobile, industries are under the constant pressure of producing long-lasting automobiles, and vehicles with well-managed NVH (noise, vibration, and harshness) qualities. Consequently, the appliance of the vibration tests varies from acoustic, rotational, and structural testing. 

Sigma’s qualified engineers guarantee the quality of the standard of the product by tendering a varied range of vibration and shock testing. Having years of experience and knowledge, Sigma can help you determine the best designs for your products and their reliabilities. 

If you wish to know more about Sigma Laboratory or Vibration Testing, you can visit their official website- Sigmatest or you can contact them on- +91-9560222333. You can also visit Sigma’s Regd. Office at- 99, Phase 2, Badli Industrial Area, New Delhi-110042.  

How Construction Materials Testing Helps Save Costs

In the Construction industry, your business reputation gets built on the quality of your work. The better the quality, the more renowned are your structures and that's how your brand name picks fame. Besides perhaps just for the reputation, quality output builds for you, construction material testing (CMT) is a critical process that helps you as a construction company to decide and plan. In delivering reliable and superior quality construction, companies need to abide by several legal and environmental compliance, which require optimal CMT.

Testing Quality of Construction Material & their Composition

Given the relevance and importance of the quality of construction materials, constructed companies deploy CMT for almost all of their raw building materials. Right from the testing the soil quality of the construction site, CMT also evaluates the quality of steel TMT bars, Aluminium, Cement, Concrete, Bricks, Aggregates, Admixture, Flyash, Masonry, Wood, Tiles, etc. Testing of cm helps ascertain the quality and strength of the final construction intended so that there is nothing untoward that results later on. Besides, optimized CMT also helps construction companies save costs.

Cost Savings by deploying Construction Material Testing

Let us understand how construction material testing not only serves the obvious purpose of meeting compliances and regulatory requirements but also helps in saving costs.

Testing Quality of raw construction materials assures Quality of Final Product

Industry uses several raw materials for construction purposes. In the absence of quality testing of the intended raw materials, the final constructed product could be compromised in quality or could even fail stress tests. This could be a loss-making proposition for construction companies. This would result in expensive rework and repairs, which adds to your costs. When you test raw construction materials, it gives you assurance about the quality of the final construction. This reduces or eliminates chances of repairs, which otherwise can be quite costly. It is therefore recommended to routinely deploy construction material testing not only to give you superior quality constructions but at the same time save costs substantially, as compared to those who don't.

Construction Material Testing reduces the risk of hazard to human life

The most important outcome of CMT is that testing procedure of cement testing, aggregate testing, steel bars testing, etc. help in determining the post-construction strength of an intended structure. The test results derived from such CMT gives confidence and assurance to the construction companies about the quality of their final constructions, which typically aims at eliminating hazards and risk to human life. When requisite building material testing hasn't happened then there could be possibilities of the collapse of constructions made well before their estimated lifetime. This can pose to be hazardous to human life, besides causing other losses, which can result in heaving penalties to the construction company. Hence, timely CMT processes help you save on unnecessary costs.

Consistent CMT procedures help maintain optimal inventory

Construction companies that deploy consistent CMT procedures are aware of their cm quality, well in advance of commencing. In this way, they can forecast material requirements and stock their inventory adequately without having to be reactive to upcoming phases. Such optimal inventory management helps construction companies save enormously on costs. Also, the lack of repairs/rework ensures your inventory is run optimally without adding sudden and ad-hoc expenses, thereby saving you unexpected costs.

The industry is a big sector and is responsible for the several constructions, we see and live in. They must ensure quality construction so that their customers are assured of safety and quality living. To be able to give your customers quality assurance, Sigma Test and Research Centre, a NABL accredited laboratory as per ISO 17025:2005, ISO 14001:2004 offers an extensive range of building material tests, analysing the quality of building materials, testing on soils, rocks, aggregates, concrete, bricks-blocks, steel, and polymers. Connect with our team of cm technicians and engineers, who will advise you and create customized constructed material testing programs for your company.

Contact Sigma Test and Research Centre 

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How to Reduce Segregation in Concrete?

In this article, we will be discussing segregation, factors causing it, and different methods to avoid it. So, now the question arises what is segregation?

The segregation of concrete is the failure of newly mixed concrete. Segregation is a term when the particles which are present in concrete, cement, sand, and their aggregates get separated from each other during handling and placement. It is usually caused by excessive vibration of cement

In concrete technology, segregation is of three types:-

Separation of Coarse aggregate from the concrete mixture,
Separation of Cement paste from the concrete during the plastic stage
Separation of water from the concrete mix (Which is also called as Bleeding in concrete)

Some other factors causing segregation in concrete are:

Transporting concrete mixtures for long distances.
The poorly proportioned mixture, where the adequate matrix is not there to tie up the aggregates.
Dropping concrete from more than 1m high can cause segregation.
Vibrating the concrete for a long time can cause segregation.

To reduce segregation in concrete the workers need to follow these measures :

The concrete water-cement ratio must be in the limit.
The freshly prepared concrete mixture should not be too wet nor too dry.
Do not place the concrete to its desired area from an elevated height.
Concrete transportation should be done properly.
Select the shortest route for the transportation of the concrete mix.
The vibrator should be used in concrete for the proper time, neither too long nor too short span of time.
The form work must not be loose.
Do not vibrate the form work.
Do not allow concrete to flow.

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The Advantages and Disadvantages of Non- Destructive Testing

What Is Non-destructive Testing? 

Non-destructive testing (NDT) also known as ‘positive testing’.

As its name implies, non-destructive testing means testing of materials without destroying them.

It is a kind of a testing approach in which the testing is performed to cover only the positive cases to confirm that the software behaves properly and returns the expected results as per the product requirement. It is one of the best courses to do if you want to get a high profile job in abroad or India in oil & gas, petroleum, aircraft, refinery, etc. It is commonly used in the area of aerospace engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, system engineering, and medicines.


  • Tensile test
  • Compression test
  • Shear test
  • Hardness test
  • Impact test
  • Fatigue test
  • Bending test
  • Creep test
  • Torsion test
  • Chemical test, etc.


  • Save both time and money in product evaluation.
  • It can be used to detect flaws in an in-process machine part.
  • No requirements for special equipment


  • Source 
  • Modification 
  • Detection 
  • Indication 
  • Interpretation  


Visual Testing:


  • Generally fast test time
  • Can be automated
  • Good at finding dimensional flaws or surface blemishes
  • Portable


  • Reference standards required
  • May require multiple cameras and viewing angles for automated systems
  • Subject to operator interpretation if not automated
  • Dye Penetrant Testing (DPT):


  • Non-destructive testing of concrete helps in detecting the surface cracks or defects.
  • One of the most widely used NDT testing methods.
  • It is used for surface detection of casting, weld elements.
  • It is also called liquid penetrant testing.


  • The defect must be open to the surface
  • Parts must be cleaned before and after testing
  • Surface films, such as coatings, scale, and smeared metal may visually mask defects
  • Magnetic Particle Testing (MPT):


  •  Economically and easy to perform.
  •  Portable for field testing.
  •  Fast for production testing.
  •  Relatively simple method.
  •    Low cost.


  • Ferromagnetic materials only
  • Alignment of the magnetic field is critical
  • Demagnetization required after the test
  • Surface coatings can mask defects
  • Pre- and post-cleaning necessary
  • Messy
  • Subjective: dependent on operator interpretation
  • Difficult to automate
  • Ultrasonic Testing (UT):


  • It is an electronic device that can produce high-frequency ultrasonic energy.
  • It introduced and propagates through the materials in the form of waves.
  • Portable.
  • Instant test results don’t take too much time.
  • It is fully capable of being automated.
  •        A probe is used.
  • Immediate results.


  • Couplant required
  • Complex or small parts may be difficult to check
  • The defect may be missed if not in the path of the ultrasonic signal
  • Reference standards required
  • Trained operators for manual inspections
  • Special probes
  • Surface condition
  • Eddy Current Testing (ECT):


  •      Equipment is very portable.
  •      Detect surface and near-surface defects.
  •      Deep penetration is limited.
  •      High speed.
  •      Low cost.


  • Conductive material only.
  • Shallow depth of penetration.
  • Surface roughness may affect test quality.
  • Radiography Testing (RT):


  • It is having a fast method of testing.
  • It is the same as medical radiography, which only differs in wavelength.
  • Lessor no manual work.


  • Radiation hazard.
  • Expensive.
  • Trained operators needed.
  • Linear defects may be missed.
  • Depth of defect not indicated.


  1. To detect internal or surface flaws.
  2. To measure the dimensions of the specimen.
  3. To determine material structure or chemistry.
  4. To evaluate the material’s physical or mechanical properties.


  • The equipment is easy to handle.
  • The data is more recordable and more repeatable.
  • Methods are quick and accurate.
  • Defects can be detected without damaging the components. 
  • It can be done on small instances of the code to confirm it is ready to be merged into the main code, thus reducing the chances of it breaking the code.
  • No extra tools or equipment are required to do NDT.
  • Less Skill and non-expensive.
  • It is used for finding out the defects.
  • The Specimen is not damaged during testing.
  • It provides reliability.
  • Harmless to humans.


  • Purchase costs may be preventative, so renting can be a preferable option.
  • Due to load applications, the material gets damaged. Sometimes there might be a lack of depth sizing 
  • On some non-destructive test methods, only relatively heavy surfaces can be inspected. 
  • Some test methods require electricity.
  • Some can also be affected by variations in magnetic permeability. 
  • Some tests are only effective in conductive materials.
  • The methods take time and rarely be finished in less than 30 minutes.
  • Components needing to be cleaned before and after inspection.


  • To ensure product reliability
  • To control the manufacturing process
  • To lower production cost.
  • Inspection of raw products i.e. forgings, castings, extrusions, etc.  


  • In product evaluation.
  • For troubleshooting
  • For identifying areas of wear
  • For assuring the safety and reliability of structures and component
  • To find flaws or irregularities both on and under the surface of materials.

NDT is used in many industries, including:

  • Engineering
  • Air
  • Space
  • Rail
  • Motor vehicles
  • Utilities
  • Power and energy companies
  • Construction


Non Destructive Testing provides cost-effective and reliable analysis under realistic conditions. Each NDT Testing services has certain capabilities and limitations and often more than one technique is used to cover various parts. Increasing the availability of robotic scanners improve the speed of testing large surfaces, hence minimizing the testing time.

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5 Benefits of Steel Testing

Steel Test refers to the test which begins with the help of a diamond pyramid. The diamond pyramid is pressed into the steel at a pre-specified load. This diamond pyramid measures the hardness and the level of hardness steel gets verified. This verified steel is used for different purposes.

Tensile tests can be done at different temperatures because of brittleness increases as temperature fall. There are many other tests that can be used to check steel's material property, such as wear test for nails, drivability test for wire and bending test for the wire.

Tensile tests provide better information about the test material and thus help keep up the material quality. They also help with the development of new materials. These tests provide information about the mechanical properties of the material. The results of the tests help the material suppliers understand the material quality. The results also help with certification purposes.

Steel Tensile Test

Tensile Test is performed on mild steel and high tensile steel to determine it's different properties. In a tensile test, a steel rod is messed to tension load by the means of UTM. A steel tensile test is done in a steel tensile laboratory. There are many steel tensile services that are done in different industries like in the automobile industry steel is used in different vehicles.

Steel Testing Laboratories

Under steel testing laboratories many different types of tests are performed. Some are:-



Ultimate Tensile Strength

0.2% Proof Stress

Steel Testing Lab Services

Steel Testing Laboratories are safe, reliable and they meet rigorous regulatory standards. Testing lab services include-

Chemical composition analysis

Corrosion resistance analysis

Dimension measurements

Mechanical properties

Metallurgic examination


Micro structure analysis


Weather resistance



Radiation inspection



Spheroidal graphite analysis


Coating mass

The roughness of surface measure

Salt spray

Pencil hardness



Flaring resistance

Steel strand

Deformed bar



Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) analysis using Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS)

Railway product

These are some of the services that are performed by these steel testing labs and are very famous.

5 Benefits of Steel Testing

The manufacturing industry is one with extremely high demands, including peak efficiency from machines and equipment. Tensile Testing provides data on the integrity and safety of materials, components, and products. There are many different types of tensile testing like adhesion/bond strength, peel, tear-resistance, and crimp-joint pull-off the force.

Tensile testing enables the manufacturers to ensure that their finished products are ready for use and are of good quality.

Some of the benefits of Tensile Testing are: -

Ensure Quality products are delivered.

The first and foremost benefit of tensile testing is ensuring that a quality product is delivered to customers. Tensile Testing ensures that any material must meet some quality standards so that there might not be any future consequences regarding the quality of the product.

Opportunity to identify alloys and their applications.

Another important benefit of tensile testing is getting the opportunity to identify new alloys and find out their different applications. Tensile Testing can help manufacturers to know which qualities metals have. This test can help manufacturers to look out for improved materials.

Reduce Material Costs.

Tensile Testing can help in reducing material costs as the manufacturer knows which metal is best and which is worst. So, he doesn't have to check the quality of each and every material, these qualities are already checked and verified using this test. So, this test can be cost-cutter for any industry.

Meet International and Industry Standards.

Tensile Test works on international and industry standards. So, if any metal is verified then the international and industry standards are already met.

Checking Metal Strength.

The material strength obtained by tensile tests has important application value for design and material selection, development of new material, safety, and evaluation of equipment, and all these things are directly based on the results of tensile tests.

These are some of the benefits that are availed by this steel tensile test and can help any manufacturer to be benefited easily.

Contact Sigma Test and Research Centre which the Best Steel Testing Laboratory in India. They have highly professional testers as well as use up-to-date equipment for the same. Contact us at +91- 9560222333 or Visit our Website

Benefits of Automotive Testing Services

Automotive Testing Services puts full vehicles, systems, and components through a series of laboratories. With virtual and real-world assessments, automotive services ensure it is safe, reliable, and compliant with safety regulations. The automotive testing system is the requirement for accessing the global automotive market and manufacturers must show they have put their product through a rigorous assessment. 

Automotive testing covers a wide range of vehicle features. Some of the features are to buzz, squeak and rattle tests, crash simulations, and extensive automotive electronics testing.

Benefits of Automotive Testing

  1. Reusability- The scripts used in automotive testing are reusable.  We do not need new scripts all the time, even if the version of the OS on the device changes. The automotive testing laboratory allows us to redo the exact same test, without leaving any steps.
  2. Bugs- Automotive testing services help in finding bugs in the early stages of software development, reducing expenses, and working hours to fix these problems as well.
  3. Reliability- Automotive Testing is more reliable and much quicker when running boring repetitive standardized tests that cannot be skipped. However, the automotive testing system may cause errors when manually tested.
  4. Simultaneity- We can test more devices simultaneously resulting in comparative detailed reports generated in less time with the exact same parameters. This is because the exact same scripts were run.
  5. Continuity- It helps testers, such as automation engineers. However, they can see exactly what other engineers have done, what scripts he has already written, etc.
  6. Additional methods- One of these methods is the stress test in which the capacities of the application and operational infrastructure will be tested to limit with stress, this cannot be done manually.
  7. Volume- Automotive testing allows running tests on thousands of mobile devices. Testing all of them may be impossible.
  8. ROI- This may hold back for many. However, it is proven that the return of the investment is long-term and will also save time.
  9. Running Tests 24/7- No matter where we are in the world. We can start tests when we leave the office and we can see the result.
  10. Fewer human resources- We do not need many people. We can test automation engineers to write your scripts to automate your tests.  Unlikely many people doing boring manual tests repeatedly. 

Why Automotive Testing Is Important?

Working for multi-year development automotive development, timeframes and suppliers will need to test and validate across the full life cycle. The problems faced by the industry include the increase of complexity, long test cycles. Below are the key trends and importance of the automotive testing system.

Automotive Testing services offer various benefits, including:

  • Regulatory compliance- Global market access requires automotive component testing and relevant global regulations to ensure overall safety.
  • Early discovery of faults- Automotive component testing helps to discover the faults in the development phase. Therefore, this avoids expensive product recalls and saves you money.
  • Boost brand reputation- testing your product can iron out faults and this will enhance the reputation as a provider of quality vehicles.


In the end, we will have better quality software, which will be released earlier. With fewer problems and fewer resources used. 

However, there is usually always a downside to everything. Therefore, there are downsides to automotive testing as well.

 There are a few disadvantages of automotive testing: 

The automotive testing system will not fix the specific problems that users may have. Whenever there are, writing and testing of the scripts there are just some scenarios that are being tested, not all of them. The main purpose of automotive testing is to find bugs in simple operations.

For example- Login into the app; create a new account; send an email when the password is forgotten. This is what the testing does. 

Some of the automotive industry testings are vibration testing, climatic testing, and mechanical testing.

  1. Vibration testing- Vibration and shock might have profound effects on a vehicle’s long-term performance and reliability. This type of testing requires powerful tools.
  2. Climatic testing- The average of the vehicle is exposed to a diverse set of environmental conditions over the course of its life. This type of test is done to check how vehicles are going to perform to extreme temperatures, humidity, and other conditions.
  3. Mechanical testing- Mechanical testing is used for automotive engines and other components.

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PPE Suppliers Are Providing Inauthentic Certificates to Buyers, Here Is How You Can Verify Them.

COVID-19 has led to an increase in the demand for personal protective equipment (PPEs) in the country. This has led to the provision of inauthentic and fraudulent certificates provided by PPE suppliers to purchasers, including government procurement agencies.

According to accrediting agencies and market sources, this course of action has put the frontline healthcare workers’ lives at risk.

The Indian market is full of private certification bodies which issue fake certificates to industries. It is difficult yet important to distinguish an authentic certificate from the inauthentic and fake ones.

‘The quality of PPE is at Centre stage now. The union health ministry has also specified standards and reports acceptable from national and international organizations and labs which has led to all kinds of certificates in the market, most of them inauthentic and some may even be fraudulent,’ says Anil Jauhri, former CEO, National Accreditation Board for Certification Bodies (NABCB).

How can we verify an authentic certificate?

There are certificates for CE mark and ISO standards. While notified bodies (NB) of European Commission (EC) can only issue CE certificates, ISO certificates are those which come from duly accredited CBs and carry the logo of the accreditation body (AB) under the prevailing international system.

As Mr Jauhri conveyed, ISO is only a standard-setting body and does not undertake any certification. Hence, the use of an ISO logo in any form on a certificate is a misuse and shows inauthenticity.

In India, certification bodies should be accredited by NABCB for undertaking certification as per ISO 13485, an international standard for quality management systems (QMS) in medical devices, also accepted by many regulators around the world.

NABCB under Quality Council of India (QCI) is the national accreditation body in India. Any certificate bearing NABCB logo should be acceptable because it indicates the issuing of a certificate by a competent and recognized body.

‘It may also be noted that the CE mark is Europe’s regulatory mark and in case of PPEs, EC has a separate regulation under which Notified Bodies are designated only in Europe. There may be some branches or associates of NBs in India, but any certificate must be from the NB listed in the European Commission database,’ he further informed.

Click here to view the list of Notified bodies under EC.

The total projected demand of PPE kits till June 2020 stands at an estimate of Rs. 2.01 crore. Around 107 PPE manufacturers have raised their daily production to about 1.87 lakh PPE kits.

As per norms, an authentic certificate should contain:

Name and address of the organization certified

Scope of certification describing its activities like production, packing and sale of PPEs like coveralls, shoe covers and more

Standard (or sometimes scheme or regulation) against which certification is granted like ISO 9001 or ISO 13485 (standard)

Date of issue and expiry of the certificate

Unique identification number of the certificate

Name and address of the CB

Logo of the CB

Accreditation a symbol indicating the name of the accreditation body (AB)

How do you verify a certificate in exceptional circumstances?

In most countries, with the absence of a law requiring Certification Bodies to register, accreditation is the only way to recognize a competent and authentic certificate.

The International Accreditation Forum Mark (IAF) is an optional standard which shows the certificate is covered under the Multilateral Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MLA) of the IAF, hence, making it internationally equivalent and acceptable in the market.

Further, to judge the authenticity, one can see the names of member Accreditation Bodies of IAF on its website which also gives information on which accreditation bodies are signatories to IAF.

Once the user locates the AB in a country, he/she can visit the AB and IAF website to verify if it accredits the Certification Body. Here on, they can verify the certificate because as per international norms, CBs must help verify certificates issued by them.

The pandemic has led to a rise in these fraudulent certifications by unregistered Certification bodies. The current scenario mandates the verification of these certificates to ensure authenticity. One can undertake these measures to distinguish verified suppliers and work with them.

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ANSI Standards-What are They?

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private, non-profit agency that promotes and enhances the domestic and foreign effects of the U.S. universal norms and compliance appraisal framework.

Nationally or internationally, ANSI aims to enhance global competitiveness and quality of life of US companies by offering a basis for and safeguarding their reputation in the production of equal expectations and compliance measurement systems. The Institute encompasses almost all sectors and serves the diverse desires of over 270,000 businesses and associations, as well as 30 million people worldwide.

History of ANSI:

ANSI is a non-profit, corporate association, funded by a broad variety of private and public sector organizations, established in 1918 by five engineering societies and three governments. About 1400 businesses, organizations, departments, administrative and external participants are covered by ANSI. The mission of ANSI is to support the US economy to stay successful on the global market and to maintain health and protection for customers by maintaining the sustainability of the community. All sectors, from the farms to manufacturing, are protected by ANSI requirements and guidelines.

National Standard Activity:

Ask most people regarding ANSI and the chances of learning regarding standards growth are high. We are all referring to 'ANSI guidelines,' which lets us think that ANSI is currently evolving norms. Nonetheless, ANSI accredits several various creators, including electrical technology associates such as NFPA, UL, and IEEE. The developer calls their final Standard an American National Standard (ANS) by being an approved developer and adopting the procedures established by ANSI.

Developers aren't carelessly authorized. A collection of normal programming protocols for ANSI must be sent for each developer wishing to be approved as ANSI.

Such processes shall conform to the core values of transparency, consent and fair process of ANSI. The system must also be checked at least once every five years with its policies and processes. The audit aims to confirm conformity with the accreditation standards and to check that developers' processes and procedures continue to conform to their approved procedures and current ANSI specifications.

Why is it necessary to determine an American National Standard?

It is the framework holding the set of norms focused in the private sector. We are likely to see more regulatory influence over a uniform program and less acceptability around the country without a mechanism like the one given by ANSI. Organizations of competency (inspectors, building departments, etc.), federal and municipal entities and customers define and enforce requirements that are known as ANS. Departments have authority. Through the usage of established guidelines, they will guarantee that the norm has been implemented into a transparent framework of consent so that those impacted by the norm have sufficient opportunities to engage so respond.

Standards are usually released as ANS in three ways: committee, association and canvass.

  • ASC method (Accredited Standards Committee):

The approaches used by developers who choose to establish an approved professional group to carry out the specific research are the Accredited Standards Committee. The National Code of Electric Protection is established for instance by ASC C2. The technology support agency is IEEE which oversees the C2 committee's mechanism which activities.

  • Organization method:

Organizations who want to create a series of approaches tailored to their operational requirements use the operational approach. The methods still conform with but are usually more detailed, the ANSI protocol and the recommendations. For examples, in the sense of ANSI, the NFPA establishes the National Electrical Code.

  • Canvass method:

Abroad variety of developers use the development of the Canvass Method of specifications. The ANSI processes define several specific criteria for this system. Through this process, a panorama list is drawn up of concerned parties and this body checks the existing norm. This approach is used by UL, NEMA, ARI, and several others.


In short, in the US uniform framework, the function of ANSI is irreplaceable. The position ANSI played and helped by active involvement in the standard method and in the future decision of the path that ANSI follows must be understood by any person in the electrical industry, including auditor, contractor, supplier, builder, etc.

Standards Behaviour is one of the major ANSI publications. This is created twice a week which demonstrates which criteria are now being implemented which established for public inspection. Action Specifications on the ANSI platform are eligible. For those interested with the US codes and standards program, ANSI’s official website might help you. 

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Why is Nutritional Analysis Important?

Food is the fuel the body needs to replenish itself with. Each civilization has given profound importance to food type and consumption pattern.

Hence, it can be easily assumed that food has the power to influence the bodily metabolism and organ health directly. After ingestion, food is digested through our gut with the help of various digestive juices and ends in being absorbed in bloodstreams as different types of biomolecules which are known as Nutrients.

If food is the reason, Nutrition is the result. We consume food so that we can obtain proper nutrition.

Nutrition is the process by which important beneficial biomolecules or Nutrients, after reaching their destination within the body positively helps in functioning, maintaining or improving important bio metabolisms like building muscles, producing energy, thriving body cells, improving body health, replenish malnourishment, and strengthening immunity.

Theses Nutrients are of two types. 1. Macronutrients 2. Micronutrients. The next chart is an overall idea about the different types of nutrients and their functions.


Bodily Function


Energy production


Muscle Development and Cell Proliferation


Energy production, storage energy



Bodily Function


Hormone production, Hormonal balance maintenance, Bone development and density maintenance, Eyesight development and maintenance, Reproductive organ health maintenance, Immunity boosting etc.


Electrolyte equilibrium maintenance, Helping in energy production, Muscle work, Brain development, Nervous functions etc.


Now that we have understood the importance of food, nutrition and nutrients, and their major functions in our body, let us further focus the lights onto the matter about what is the Nutritional Analysis and why it is of such utmost importance.

Nutritional The analysis is the scientifically set stepwise process of assessing the types, amount and nature of nutrients available in a given food sample. In India, Nutritional Analysis Methods are standardized and set by FSSAI.

The importance of nutritional analysis has several spectrums. There are as follows:

Food components:

 Food Nutrition Analysis helps in the detailed and perfect determination of the     component nutrients present in any food item.

  • Food components have vast bio metabolic roles and could affect human health severely.
  • If the consumer has a clear idea about the food component, he or she may choose or reject specific food items according to his or her health condition.
  • As an example, khichdi is more beneficial than plain rice or roti alone in case a person is looking for low-cost supplementary food for protein-energy malnutrition. The combined protein sourced from rice and dal makes khichdi more nutritional and wholesome.
  • Nutritional Analysis and comparison of ‘Khichdi’ with various other food items helped scientists in concluding this revolutionary easy way which is now an instrumental supplementary therapeutic dish in India’s master plan of fighting Protein Energy Malnutrition.

Nutritional value:

  • Nutritional Analysis detects the exact nutritional value of any given food items.
  • It determines the percentage of macro and micronutrients present in that food item as well as presence of inhibitors, toxic chemicals or any other new component.
  • It is also important in nutrition mapping where a variety of food items are regularly being tested and included in the standardized book of Nutritive Value of Indian Foods by Indian Council of Medical Research.
  • Presences of inhibitors, toxic chemicals in various foods are tested in food nutrition analysis. Inhibitors like phytate, oxalate decrease the bioavailability of nutrients and toxic chemicals like saponin, trypsin inhibitors, pathogens etc. cause mild to severe ailments in the human body.
  • Food Nutrition Analysis by FSSAI has been instrumental in India’s nutrition mapping as there are vast varieties, numbers and types of crops, fruits and vegetables, fishes available throughout different part of India.

Vibration Testing of Automotive Parts Testing Laboratory in India

Car industries are one of India's fastest-growing industries. There is also a growing requirement for performance products. Disposal of automotive components not only jeopardizes life and assets but threatens the credibility of a company. There is no space for malfunctions in an increasingly dynamic sector; the device parts should work correctly to ensure safety throughout the life cycle of the vehicle. To increase product quality and cope with the request, URS launched automotive inspection facilities, by the National and International Protocol to provide credible and effective test facilities to esteemed customers. URS provides a full alternative for car experimentation, from electrical/mechanical security monitoring through environmental experimentation to ensuring that car goods are secure and reliable.

URS Products & Testing Lab is an advanced testing laboratory, integrated into the modern automotive, electronics, IT, audio-video, lighting, lighting, electrical domestic, components & equipment sections.


URS offers an automatic atmosphere monitoring alternatives for electrical and mechanical safety monitoring to guarantee that consumer performance criteria are verifiable. This includes distinct inspection atmosphere and parameters. Service for the environment on a look:

  • Thermal Shock/Mechanical Shock
  • Salt Spray Test
  • Cold And Dry Heat Tests
  • Damp Heat (Cyclic) Test
  • Thermal Shock Test
  • Dust Test
  • IP Testing
  • Thermal Aging
  • Humidity Conditioning


The Vibration Test reproduces Vibration Environment to expose and verify products in real-world vibration apps. The URS laboratory has a URS vibration test facility with 5 Hz–3200 Hz frequency range and 38 mm (p-p) displacement and 90 g acceleration of up to 1500kgf Sine, 1500kgf random and 3000kgf shock force rating. The system supported by a horizontal slip table and vertical load support can efficiently run x, y and z.


The URS is the acknowledged Automotive Supply Chain Audit and Certification Certification Agency for IATF 16949 clients. URS has an auto history, lengthy and flexible auditing knowledge with IATF auditors.

  • IATF 16949:2016 Internal Auditor Training
  • ISO TS 16949 Certification
  • Accreditation for Management Systems Certification.


Under the Electrical & Electronics Test Lab, URS Lab offers a full variety of exam equipment. Automotive testing is the validation method of parts and cars according to national and international requirements. Under the IEC / EN / IS / JIS / ISO / ASTM standards and customer specifications, URS is one of the best testers solutions for the electrics/electronics components.

  • Lithium-ion Battery
  • Electric motor
  • Ageing Test
  • Mobile Chargers used in Vehicles
  • Music System used in Vehicles
  • Amplifiers Used in Vehicles
  • Sensors used in Vehicles
  • Cameras used in Vehicles
  • Display unit used in vehicles


Matrix Test Labs (MTL)

Matrix Test Labs is a leading supplier of electronics and electrical products testing. Matrix sample laboratories (MTL) are recognized by the Government of India, Ministry of Electronics and IT (Meity) as one of the best-in-class ISO / IEC 17025 NABL & BIS accredited sample labs on goods listed in CRS I, II & III under the "Requirements to Enrolment in Compulsory Goods" Regulations. MTL is a trained, devoted group of staff and has state-of-the-art customer service infrastructure.


Quality Objectives:

  1. Operate and retain an internationally approved Quality System (ISO / IEC 17025).
  2. Seek accreditation and increase the accreditation range as determined in an annual business plan.
  3. Attain company objectives. Attain company objectives.
  4. To create and improve business legitimacy, seriously track and behave on any client problems.
  5. The leadership scheme strives to continuously enhance its efficiency by making use of possibilities such as inner audits, customer complaint review, and feedback, allowing for preventive measures where necessary, and assessing the quality of QMS results through planned leadership reviews.



The car industry is one of India's fastest-growing industries. There is also a growing requirement for price and performance job in-car products. Dismissal of car components not only jeopardizes life and property; they also damage the excellent credibility of a company. There is no space for malfunction in an extremely dynamic sector; all device elements should work correctly to ensure security for the full lifespan of the car. MATRIX TEST LAB started automotive inspection facilities to deliver credible and cost-effective inspection facilities to esteemed customers, according to the national and international requirements, to enhance the product quality and cope with supply. Therefore, we offer car inspection facilities here at MATRIX TEST LAB Badli so that the car production is always in excellent shape and that businesses generate high-quality components.

The State-of-Art Testing Laboratory is an integrated state-of-the-art testing laboratory, integrated into modern technologies for the automotive, electronics, IT products, audio-video equipment.



To guarantee that the item performance criteria can be checked, MATRIX TEST LAB offers automotive environmental tests alternatives to various test environments and parameters.

Environment service at a glance:

  • Thermal Shock
  • Salt Spray Test
  • Cold Test
  • Dry Heat Tests
  • Damp Heat (Cyclic) Test
  • Damp Heat (Steady state storage) Test
  • Thermal Shock Test
  • Dust Test
  • IP Testing
  • Thermal Ageing
  • Humidity Conditioning


In order to expose products in actual use vibration apps and verify the features of these products, vibration tests are performed to replicate vibration environments MATRIX TEST LAB have Vibrating plant with 5 Hz–3200 Hz, 38mm(p-p) expansion rates, 90 grams accelerated up to 1500 kg of Sinus, 1500kgf random and 3000 kg shock force rating. The scheme with inverted drop panel and vertical load-assist allows the efficient running of x, y and z directions.


MATRIX TEST LAB offers a full variety of Electrical & Electronics Test Lab screening equipment. Automotive testing is a validation method for parts and cars by national and international requirements. URS has IEC / EN / IS / JIS / ISO / ASTM Standards & Customer Specification specialized labs to evaluate components.

  • Lithium-ion Battery
  • Electric motor
  • Ageing Test
  • Mobile Chargers used in Vehicles
  • Music System used in Vehicles
  • Amplifiers Used in Vehicles
  • Sensors used in Vehicles
  • Cameras used in Vehicles
  • Display unit used in vehicles


Truck Rear Axle Endurance Testing Services

Established as a test rig, material handling pallet, machine boxes and frames, a Canopy machine, hydraulic jackets, hydraulic cylinder, and Impulse fatigue testing machine, etc., in the year 2009, NB Technologies has achieved incomparable success. They also provide our customers with easy manufacturing services, testing services, calibration services, and pump repair services.

They are one of the industry's most prominent brands that offer endurance testing services to the truck rear axle. These credible facilities are provided by our skilled experts because of their feasibility and budget. The sophisticated technology-based machinery and instruments provide inspection facilities.

Matrix Test Labs Automotive Component Testing Service:

Matrix Test Labs are a trustworthy service provider who offers our clients testing services. These include: laptop and notebook safety testing, tablets safety testing services, LED lamp testing, Automotive testing service, CCTV camera testing service, BIS testing services, battery testing service, Electrical testing service. Material Testing Services BIS Certification services are also included. The services provided are conceptualized using a customer-driven approach to provide our employers with extreme pleasure. The wide range of services offered is delivered in obedience to the quality constraints of our very skilled experts in this particular field.

Product Description:

With the support of competent professionals, we are specialists in the testing of automotive parts. Due to their prompt closure, these facilities are extremely valued in the industry. Our experts make use of sophisticated technology to provide our services. The facilities offered are provided in various ways and conditions which fulfil customer requirements.

Global Environment and Mining Automobile Muffler Noise Testing Service:

Global Environment and Mining Services-Car Muffler Noise Testing Service Provider, business choices and strategic planning, engineering, research and experimental industries in Hospet, Karnataka.

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT & MINING SERVICES is designed by PROFESSIONALS with a powerful, extremely qualified mining engineering squad with more than twenty-seven years of expertise. It is also designed for fresh concepts. With a deeper dedication to safety, the environment and society, we hire an eager and skilled employees with distinctive abilities to rapidly set flawless standards for "friendly" sustainable growth mining operations.

SIGMA TEST & RESEARCH CENTRE Automotive Part Testing Service:

SIGMA TEST & RESEARCH CENTRE was created in 2009 in order to provide expertise in research facilities and to deliver an advanced and outstanding analytical method, by technocrat educators who has over 30 years ' expertise in teaching, administrative, production and advertising activities. In order to ensure full awareness of its position in performance command and performance power, SIGMA TEST & RESEARCH CENTRE has set up installations to meet the global standards of ILAC, ASTM, ISO, USP, BP, BIS & NABL. We continue to expand our ability to address a wide variety of norms.


The mission of SIGMA TEST & RESEARCH CENTRE is to deliver creative and outstanding analytical procedures, as well as methods that assist all types of sectors and organisations to accomplish a timely, better item performance, moment and costs, connected with inspection criteria for integrity.

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Why Msme Should Hire Professional Testing Laboratory for Testing Activities?

For every Businessman, their business is like their baby which makes it hard to compromise with any business aspect. To grow to hire right staff members is not enough, you need to come in contact with right contractors that can help you to work and focus on those things which neither you nor your staff members are efficient enough to do to make your business thrive. So, one can say business outsourcing for small and medium business has a lot of benefits.

What is Outsourcing Manufacturing?

Outsource refers to the hiring of people from the outside of the enterprise to assemble, built our the entire product. The main reason why companies choose outsourcing is to reduce its overall cost, labour is among the top factor in terms of cost.

Outsourcing in production companies to third parties leads to a great amount of decrease in production costs, which leads it to be more affordable that can have a comparative advantage than in-house production.

Most of the times outsourcing provide a great benefit to utilize assets which are already there without investing in any additional fixed and variable costs.


When and What to Outsource?

So, the question arises when you need to do outsourcing? The answer to this is quite simple, you must evaluate the goals of your business, things only you can achieve? and things only you can provide to your customers? Things which can be done with outsourcing? So, for all these you need to ask some questions:

  • Is there a need to deduct a certain fixed cost to optimize the budget of the company?
  • Are there some tasks that need your business to operate which require certain skills and expertise that your staff does not have?
  • Are there some basic tasks which are making your staff to divert their focus on main and important tasks?

Benefits of Outsourcing Manufacturing

  • Lower Labour Costs

Low labour costs are the main benefit of outsourcing, while there are many implications, performing outsourcing at the right time and place is the most essential and viable option. Labour cost which can be reduced to so much if you come in contact with the right outsourcing partners, it is confirmed by various enterprises that achieve high level of savings and are able to focus on main tasks when they chose outsourcing options.

  •  Overhead Cost

Various companies outsource their work to eliminate overhead costs which are associated with business operations facility. Overhead costs include production equipment and utilities. There are other costs also like indirect costs, technicians, material handlers, shipping personnel etc.

  •  Focus

For a company to grow it is important that they focus on core competencies which are things that they are best at whether it is sales, marketing or production and leave the general or non- core competencies to the third party to handle so that business can focus and grow. There may be a certain situation arises that there is sometimes an increase in demand and you need additional resources to meet the deadline as lack of it can affect the business so outsourcing companies can help them to fulfil demands in this way, you will grow thus maintaining its goodwill.

  •  Fortress Nutrition

There are a lot of companies that help in food and nutrition services. From research development to manufacturing and packaging, they partner with small and medium clients to fulfil their demands and needs. They also provide unrivalled skills and expertise in all the aspects the business needs, whether it is packaging, blending, food testing or quality control.

Why MSME's are preferring outsourcing for testing?

Increase in regulation is mainly impacting the decision of a small business to shift from in house testing because they are  on small scale and don’t have enough resources which can increase their overall cost so that is why they prefer third-party labs for testing and it is more cost effective and at the same time they can focus on other important things.

Small and medium enterprises don’t always have resources like volume, knowledge, micro testers to perform pathogen or allergen testing in-house as well as they may send testing to focus on what they do best like food production and not o0n which they lack or they may want to keep them outside of litigious circumstances, apparently, the industry wants to do what is right for them but want to spend limited so that is why they outsource to get work done in the most cost-effective way. Small and medium companies are outsourcing their testing, third party labs are getting immense popularity in allergen and pathogen testing.

An area in which outsourcing is growing in terms of food:

Lab Accreditation

National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) is a quality control board of India, they are established with an objective to provide industries to collaborate with third-party for quality and technical check and test in laboratories.

So to achieve this NABL provides laboratory accreditation to perform tests in labs in accordance with ISO 17025:2005 medical labs. These services are provided in non- discriminatory manner and are accessible to all labs abroad as well in India regardless of status, ownership, size, and independence.

 ISO17025 accreditation is driven by customers standards and rules as sometimes customers specify some rules which require customised models which should be done in ISO certified lab to ensure the quality of the food system and the integrity of its lab test results...

While specifications are not listed on the import testing in accredited labs, implications are to follow ISO 17025, its a requirement has heightened the interest in accreditation.


So, from the above, we can conclude that outsourcing industries have a lot of scope in terms of lab testing because of it is better, cost-effective and experts work on it.

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Protective Clothing Testing Lab in India

The Indian Board of Medical Research (ICMR) licensed private diagnostic laboratories for carrying out COVID-19 tests find it difficult to procure appropriate personal security equipment for their collection workers, namely, cover-all. The laboratories hope that the Centre's push to increase the availability of essential life-saving equipment, including PPE, may accelerate the manufacture and supply of such items. 

Leading ICMR players said that their facility is ready, personnel is qualified, but adequate diagnostic trials of the companies that can supply them and PPEs from the open market are yet to be received. In addition, they have been able to provide sufficient quantities of test kits. Thanks to lock-down and freight flow interruptions, it is often challenging to import test kits.

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has proposed hydroxychloroquine to be used as a preventative against the disease by health care staff and treatment professionals of reported patients of COVID-19, even though experts have claimed that this medication is not successful in the prevention of COVID-19. Hospitals, including protection like masks and bodysuits, are often considered to be effective in ensuring protection for health personnel, according to researchers, but lacks protective gear.

How can Protective masks be beneficial?

Droplet transmission happens when a human has near contact (within 1 m) with a person with respiratory symptoms (for instance, coughing or sneezing) and is, thus, at risk of exposure to potentially contagious respiratory droplets with mucosa (mouth and nose) or conjunctiva (eyes). Therefore COVID-19 can be transmitted through direct interaction with infected individuals and indirect contact with surfaces in immediately surrounding areas and items in use on an infected individual (e.g. stethoscope or thermometer). Dissemination may also occur by fomites in the immediate atmosphere around the infected person. Therefore, protective clothing is the most essential elements one will require during this tough time where the entire nation is suffering.

Significance of protective clothing for the medical staffs:

The first to react when an infectious pathogen affects a population is health workers. In reality, they are also the first ones to be impacted — the first indication that an odd event happened is a series of cases of severe illness in health staff. Health employees could have a greater chance of infection before the origin of an epidemic is established and so infectious prevention steps may be implemented. Health staffs are at an elevated risk of infection owing to the frequent and long-lasting interaction with patients with a heavy viral load.

People across Asia have been encouraging wearing face masks to prevent COVID-19. Many countries still debate how to introduce the procedure to reduce the transmission of the disease owing to the COVID-19 crisis. Germany has become one of those countries and its Federal Institutes of Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices has released details on standards of safety provided by different masks.

Where you can find such protective clothing?

Sigma Test and Research Centre, Delhi

Sigma Test and Research Centre is a premier lab involved in the testing of Bio-medical products, Textile materials, Electronic products and Plastic materials. Integrated facility approach gives sigma an edge to provide Medical Protective clothing testing made from multiple varieties of materials.

ICS Laboratories:

It is one of the world's leading research labs with skin- and hearing-safe devices. In any big global industry, ICS has decades of eyewear and facial security knowledge. Our studies cover PPE in medical settings, eye safety for sports and other athletic uses, eye- and face security experts employed by the U.S. Armed Forces and daily usage in general customers 'lifestyles. In order to perform complete optical and mechanical evaluations on eye and face safety products for a multitude of uses as necessary and defined in any industry, ICS laboratories shall carry out facilities, workers and accreditations.

GEOTECH Laboratory:

In compliance with a GAI – LAP Accreditation Program for the following 24 studies of geosynthetic materials, the Bombay Tissue Reference Association (BTRA) is now certified by the GEOTECH Laboratory (GSI), Folsom, PENNSYLVANIA, USA.

It is important to note that BTRA is the first institution to receive this required accreditation in India, and maybe only the third outside of the USA. This ensures that the goods can be checked in BTRA with full faith for geosynthetic producers and consumers that the quality of the tests is as strong as any other GAI-LAP accredited laboratories. The studies in India can be conducted to save time and resources without losing the accuracy of the results.


In our research laboratories in India, the United Kingdom, China, and the United States, Intertek conducts rigorous protective equipment testing to satisfy the global demand for personal protective gear (PPE) boots, shoes, clothes and sparkle guards.

They will test safety footwear for technical dangers, slip resistance, thermal hazards, and ergonomic quality, for example. In electronic, electrical, chemical and micro-organism vulnerability Intertek checks PPE gloves. You check the ergonomics, size, performance, and effect of football shin guards. Intertek also executes research on products like high visibility; humidity, chemicals, and heat protection; and flame retardants for ripping, cracking, abrasion, and bending (as pre-treatments). The flammability safe clothes check tests radiant heat tolerance, touch heat, convective heat, and electromagnetic dangers.

Intertek is now performing EPI research of the eyes, ears, and facial security products, including goggles, gazebo, contact lenses, gazebo swimming, skateboarding, skateboards, snow sports casks, and ice hockey helmets. Helmets are also checked for the bicycles of the EPI.

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How Carbs Affect Blood Sugar? Glycemic Index

People who are diabetics often deal with problems related to diet because they want to maintain their blood sugar level. Studies have shown that carbohydrates release more sugar level in blood than protein and fat. However, one cannot escape the consumption of carbohydrates as it is present in our day to day meal. But how carbs affect blood sugar when it enters our body? You can find your answer here. 

What are Carbohydrates? 

Before understanding the effects, we need to know what exactly are carbohydrates and how it is classified. Carbs are the essential food group which is often found in the form of starch, sugar or fibre in different food items such as fruits, milk, vegetables, cereal and grains. 

Initially, it was classified as simple (composed of sugar with simple chemical structure) and complex (composed of sugar with complex chemical structure). Later, it was difficult to determine its effects on blood for which the Glycemic Index was determined. Glycemic Index is a ranking between 0-100 assigned to food according to their effects on the blood glucose level. Food with the high glycemic index, such as white bread, cause a rapid change to the blood sugar, whereas, food with a low glycemic index, like whole oats, results in slow changes.

Factors affecting the glycemic index of food

  • Even though carbs are naturally present in the food items, still there are some factors which can affect its glycemic index. Here is a list of such factors.
  • The content of fibre- people prefer high-fibre food because it usually digests slowly leading to a low rise of sugar level.
  • Processing of food- the refining and milling is done to remove germs from the grains but raises the level of the glycemic index.
  • Ripening- unripped fruits and veggies often contain a lower glycemic index than ripped ones. 
  • Fat and acid content- food containing fat and acid is translated into sugar steadily. 
  • The physical form of food- It is normally said that the whole form of food is better than processed ones. This is because coarsely ground grains digest gradually as compared to fine grounds.

How carbs effects sugar level?

As carbohydrates enter our body, it is broken down into smaller pieces which turn into sugar. Pancreas, located behind the stomach, stands responsible to produce insulin which further transfers sugar from the blood to cells to consume it as energy. The person with diabetes often has a pancreas that produces insufficient insulin or the insulin produced is being used inefficiently. When food with refined carbohydrates is consumed, the particles are broken with speed resulting in loads of glucose in the blood. This burdens pancreas to produce enough insulin. Eventually, the pancreas becomes unable to stand the load of glucose which increases the level of sugar in the blood. This scenario often takes place with simple carbohydrates which is why consuming complex carbs is beneficial as they produce glucose slowly. 

Wrapping up

So, next time you eat something, do check its carbohydrate content to stay healthy as a little fluctuation in carbs can fluctuate sugar level in blood. 

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Convenience Food Solutions

As far as the convenience of food is concerned, the team of Sigma understands what responsibilities food manufacturing companies have to deal with. Hence, we are here to lend a helping hand and ease their tasks by providing the best food solutions. 

People, nowadays, are driving towards a range of convenience segments in order to save their time which includes the convenience of food. Food manufacturing companies, on the other hand, are burdened with huge responsibilities of meeting the consumer’s requirement of faster-producing food and easy preparation and consumption. Thus, in this scenario, they have to take care of their awareness and health and we stand as a support to such manufacturers and provide them with the best convenience food solution. 

What food solution services did we provide?

With the help of our experts and their excellent knowledge, we help you convert your new and innovative idea into reality. We work in your support at every step of the food supply chain from production, analysis, testing, and reviewing. 


Our expert technicians use the latest technology to determine the accuracy of allergens. Our Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) testing systems can scan even the lowest level of allergens.

Shelf-life testing-

There are various complex factors that affect sheet life. Our team uses various tests such as shelf-life testing methods and microbiological tests to determine the composition of product, packaging, and storage. 

Food contact analysis-

Under contact analysis, we pay attention to the quality and safety of food production through laboratory tests and evaluations which includes food quality assessment, safety testing, and control. 

Nutrition and label analysis-

To examine the composition of significant ingredients such as fat, fibre, carbs, calories, minerals, vitamins, and other contents, we use our well-equipped facilities. Besides, we take care of different aspects of labelling such as language and layout to make it accessible to a wide audience. 

Food standards-

Various authorities have set certain standards to eliminate adulteration. We make sure that food retailers and manufacturers meet these standards to maintain customer’s safety and brand name. 

New product development-

Whether there is new processed food or changed the recipe of existing convenience, we provide a variety of services for your support. 


We also take care of the health factors associated with the food to represent a connection between health and consumption. This includes communicating the consumers the benefits of food and dietary supplements. 

We ensure our client maintain the integrity because we care that every product meets the safety, social health, quality and standards. Therefore, at Sigma, we use our diligent efforts and experience to provide the best support, both scientific and regulatory, to the manufacturers of pre-prepared food and ready-to-eat snacks. 

Contact the Sigma Team for Any Inquiries Regarding Food Testing
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